A/V Cables 101

The information and pictures below were taken directly from the following Wikipedia page:
List of Video Connectors


Picture Name Description
image depicting VGA cable VGA VGA connectors and cables carry analog component RGBHV (red, green, blue, horizontal sync, vertical sync) video signals, and VESA Display Data Channel (VESA DDC) data. In the original version of DE-15 pinout, one pin was keyed by plugging the female connector hole; this prevented non-VGA 15 pin cables from being plugged into a VGA socket. Four pins carried Monitor ID bits which were rarely used; VESA DDC redefined some of these pins and replaced the key pin with +5 V DC power supply.
image depicting DVI cable DVI The interface is designed to transmit uncompressed digital video and can be configured to support multiple modes such as DVI-D (digital only), DVI-A (analog only), or DVI-I (digital and analog). Featuring support for analog connections, the DVI specification is compatible with the VGA interface.[1] This compatibility, along with other advantages, led to its widespread acceptance over competing digital display standards Plug and Display (P&D) and Digital Flat Panel (DFP).[2] Although DVI is predominantly associated with computers, it is sometimes used in other consumer electronics such as television sets, video game consoles and DVD players.
image depicting an HDMI connection HDMI HDMI implements the EIA/CEA-861 standards, which define video formats and waveforms, transport of compressed, uncompressed, and LPCM audio, auxiliary data, and implementations of the VESA EDID.[2][3] CEA-861 signals carried by HDMI are electrically compatible with the CEA-861 signals used by the digital visual interface (DVI). No signal conversion is necessary, nor is there a loss of video quality when a DVI-to-HDMI adapter is used.
image depicting DisplayPort DisplayPort DisplayPort is a digital display interface developed by the Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA). The interface is primarily used to connect a video source to a display device such as a computer monitor, though it can also be used to carry audio, USB, and other forms of data.[2]

VESA designed it to replace VGA, DVI, and FPD-Link. DisplayPort is backward compatible with VGA and DVI through the use of adapters.
image depicting Mini DisplayPort Mini DisplayPort The Mini DisplayPort (MiniDP or mDP) is a miniaturized version of the DisplayPort audio-visual digital interface. The functionality and signals are identical. Apple announced the Mini DisplayPort in October 2008. As of November 17, 2013, Apple fit the port to the LED Cinema Display and all new Macintosh computers: MacBook, MacBook Pro, MacBook Air, iMac, Mac Mini, Mac Pro, and Xserve.[2][not in citation given] The Mini DisplayPort is also fitted to some PC notebooks from various manufacturers including Asus, Microsoft, Lenovo, Toshiba, HP, and Dell. It is also fitted to some recent motherboards.
image depicting RCA connectors RCA Connectors

An RCA connector, sometimes called a phono connector or cinch connector, is a type of electrical connector commonly used to carry audio and video signals. The connectors are also sometimes casually referred to as A/V jacks. The name "RCA" derives from the Radio Corporation of America, which introduced the design by the early 1940s for internal connection of the pickup to the chassis in home radio-phonograph consoles. It was originally a low-cost, simple design, intended only for mating and disconnection when servicing the console. Refinement came with later designs, although they remained compatible.

Amazon.com: USB C to HDMI Cable for Home Office | 6ft 4K@60Hz, uni ... USB C

A USB C connector that both connects and transmits data and power for a single cord. The shape is smaller and is reversible for an easier plug in. They can also be used to charge certain devices and can charge a device as large as a laptop. 

The information and pictures above were taken directly from the following Wikipedia page:
List of Video Connectors

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Article ID: 3430
Mon 2/2/15 12:45 PM
Wed 12/13/23 10:02 AM

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